Cities

    About Fikrun

    Fikrun wa Fann was a cultural magazine published by the Goethe Institute from 1963 to 2016 that supported and shaped the cultural exchange between Germany and Islamic countries. Together with the publishing of the last issue, “Flight and Displacement” (issue 105), in autumn of 2016 the maintenance and updating of this online portal was ceased.
    'Khartoum'; Photo: Almogran

    Urban Revolution - Cities Are the Engines of Change

    Modern-day cities no longer have walls to keep out strangers, separating those inside from the vagabonds lurking without. On the contrary, they have thrown open the gates and embraced not only people, but also countries and the entire world. Whether Los Angeles, Cairo, or Johannesburg, the extent to which a city opens up and becomes a world in its own right is evidence of its function as an economic, political and cultural survival strategy for humankind. One could say that the city has become a global 'instruction manual' for human co-existence. Unlike the French Revolution or the American Declaration of Independence, however, the urban revolution is a protracted, ongoing process that needs to be shaped.More ...
    'Straßenszene im muslimischen Viertel Mumbais'; Photo: Roemers/laif

    Boom or Doom? - A Report from Bombay

    A few months ago, it seemed impossible to switch on an English-language television channel in India without stumbling upon the subcontinent's most famous film star making a startling admission: the benefits of the startling burst of economic growth had failed to benefit the country's poorest, he seemed to say. 'There are two Indias in this country,' Amitabh Bachchan declared in a advertising campaign run by The Times of India - the country's largest English-language newspaper - to celebrate sixty years of Independence.More ...
    'Teheran Windows'; Photo: Rana Javadi

    The Development of Tehran: An Unfinished Project

    Big cities gradually become like the people who administer them. In general it can be said that governments are similar to the spheres of influence they dominate. But applying such correlations to Tehran and its governors is somewhat paradoxical. The fact is that Tehran is basically a city inhabited by villagers.More ...
    Wohngegend in Kairo; Foto: Kristina Bergmann

    From Slum to Residential Area - The Cairo Example

    About half of the Egyptian capital is covered by what are known as ‘informal neighbourhoods’, in other words: slums. Western development aid organisations apply this term because poor newcomers have built houses there without the state’s approval. The great majority of Cairo’s citizens live in these informal neighbourhoods, and both development organisations and the Egyptian government are working to improve living conditions there. by Kristina BergmannMore ...