Europe: Overall results from all 18 countries

    More than 13,000 people from across Europe took part in the online survey The German List. Here are the top ten responses to each of the questions.

    1. Who do you think is the most important German?

    1Johann Wolfgang von Goethe  17%
    2Angela Merkel  15%
    3Albert Einstein  15%
    4Martin Luther  8%
    5Ludwig van Beethoven  7%
    6Otto von Bismarck  5%
    7Johann Sebastian Bach  5%
    8Willy Brandt  5%
    9Adolf Hitler  4%
    10Konrad Adenauer  4%

    2. What do you think is the best book in German?

    1Faust (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe)  17%
    2The Tin Drum (Günter Grass)  10%
    3Grimm's Fairy Tales  8%
    4Buddenbrooks (Thomas Mann)  7%
    5The Magic Mountain (Thomas Mann)  7%
    6The Sorrows of Young Werther (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe)  7%
    7Perfume (Patrick Süskind)  6%
    8All Quiet on the Western Front (Erich Maria Remarque)  4%
    9Three Comrades (Erich Maria Remarque)  4%
    10The Reader (Bernhard Schlink)  4%

    3. What do you think is the best German film?

    1The Lives of Others (Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck)  17%
    2Good Bye, Lenin! (Wolfgang Becker)   16%
    3Wings of Desire (Wim Wenders)  11%
    4Run Lola Run (Tom Tykwer)  8%
    5Downfall (Oliver Hirschbiegel)  6%
    6Metropolis (Fritz Lang)  5%
    7Das Boot (Wolfgang Petersen)  4%
    8The Wave (Dennis Gansel)  4%
    9The Blue Angel (Josef von Sternberg)  4%
    10The Tin Drum (Volker Schlöndorff)  3%

    4. What do you think is the most beautiful piece of German music (any genre)?

    1Ninth Symphony (Beethoven)  13%
    299 Luftballons (Nena)  10%
    3Moonlight Sonata (Beethoven)  7%
    4Johann Sebastian Bach's music  7%
    5Für Elise (Beethoven)  6%
    6Ludwig van Beethoven's music  5%
    7Rammstein's music  5%
    8Fifth Symphony (Beethoven)  4%
    9Toccata and Fugue in D minor (Bach)  3%
    10The Ring of the Nibelung (Wagner)  3%

    5. What do you think is the most important German building?

    1Brandenburg Gate  17%
    2Cologne Cathedral  16%
    3Reichstag building  15%
    4Neuschwanstein Castle  11%
    5Berlin Wall  9%
    6Berliner Fernsehturm  7%
    7Bauhaus (in Dessau)  4%
    8Dresden Frauenkirche  4%
    9Zwinger (Dresden)  3%
    10Jewish Museum Berlin  2%

    6. What do you think is the most important German invention?

    1Movable type (Johannes Gutenberg)  18%
    2X-rays (Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen)  13%
    3Automobile (Carl Benz)  13%
    4Aspirin (Eichengrün/Hoffmann)  10%
    5Theory of relativity (Albert Einstein)  9%
    6Diesel engine (Rudolf Diesel)  8%
    7Otto engine (Nicolaus August Otto)  7%
    8Computer (Konrad Zuse)  5%
    9Volkswagen (Ferdinand Porsche)  2%
    10Discovery of the tuberculosis bacillus (Robert Koch)  2%

    7. What is the most important historical event that you associate with Germany?

    1Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989  19%
    2World War II  18%
    3Luther's Protestant Reformation  12%
    4World War I  10%
    5Mass murder of European Jewry  7%
    6Construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961  6%
    7German reunification in 1990  5%
    8Foundation of the German Empire in 1871  5%
    9Nazism and Third Reich  4%
    10Founding of the European Union  2%

    8. Who do you think is the most important German athlete?

    1Michael Schumacher  18%
    2Steffi Graf  15%
    3Franz Beckenbauer  13%
    4Boris Becker  13%
    5Katarina Witt  8%
    6Oliver Kahn  7%
    7Michael Ballack  5%
    8Dirk Nowitzki  3%
    9Sebastian Vettel  2%
    10Bastian Schweinsteiger  2%

    9. What do you really dislike about Germany?

    1German cuisine  11%
    2I like everything  9%
    3Weather  8%
    4Aloofness, coldness  7%
    5Arrogance  7%
    6Right-wing extremism, neo-Nazis  6%
    7Nazi era  6%
    8Xenophobia  5%
    9Lack of flexibility and spontaneity  5%
    10Pedantry  5%

    10. What do you like best about Germany?

    1German culture  14%
    2Friendly people  11%
    3German language  10%
    4Nature, countryside  10%
    5Orderliness  9%
    6Knack for organization  5%
    7(Cultural) diversity  4%
    8Berlin  3%
    9Architecture  3%
    10Environmental awareness  2%