The National Library
The National Library [Milli Kütüphane] in Ankara was founded in 1948. Its collection encompases approx. 3 million media units, of which approx. 27,000 are manuscripts and rare books, approx. 56,000 are books in Arabic script and approx. 212,000 are materials other than books (i.e. maps, music scores, posters etc.).
Due to legal deposit priviledge, the National Library receives a copy of every book published in Turkey and collects, in addition, publications on Turkey released abroad.
The Turkish Bibliographical Institute which is subordinated to the National Library compiles the National Bibliography of Turkey and a bibliography of articles published in Turkish journals. In addition, it publishes various catalogues of special book collections in Turkish libraries, such as manuscripts and prints in the Arabic language.
In 1983, the National Library moved into a spacious and functional new building which includes a.o. an exhibition hall and various multifunctional rooms. Furthermore, the National Library offers a microfilm-archive, the Atatürk Documentation Center, a collection of film posters, paintings and an online-collection of "talking books" for visually impaired. In the same building, a data processing center, a printer with bindery, a photo lab and a microfilm production lab are located.
The National Library offers an on-line catalogue on its website. It is also possible to make on-line searches of the article bibliography. The Ottoman journals (in Arabic script) which form part of the holdings of the National Library are digitized. The National Library has several databases and offers e-books. The historic shellac disks of the Library were digitized into mp3-formate.
The National Library is taking part in Europeana, an internet portal and access point to millions of books, paintings, films, museum objects and archival records that have been digitized throughout Europe.