The genre of autobiography in comic books first gained major international currency during the 1990s, even though its roots lie in the American underground some thirty years before. Robert Crumb and Clay S. Wilson chose to use their own living conditions as the basis for their comics, making their narratives more personal and engaging. In France, autobiographical comics were popularised by the artists of the publisher L’Association, especially David B in his six volume series about his brother’s epilepsy - l'Ascension du Haut Mal, and Marjane Satrapi, who enjoyed the biggest success of the new genre with Persepolis, whilst Lewis Trondheim and Joann Sfar also published comic diaries and autobiographical notebooks respectively.
Trondheim was the most important influence on Flix whilst the American underground inspired Mawil as well as the illustrator Andreas Michalke, who also lives in Berlin and who is committed to the Punk scene. However the sub genre of comic-strip reportage, which came to the fore in the 1990s with the American Joe Sacco is interestingly more important in Germany than in other countries. The Berlin-based group of illustrators 'Monogatari', of which Mawil is also a member, has produced particularly active exponents of this autobiographical form: Ulli Lust, Kai Pfeiffer, Tim Dinter and Jens Harder. Together they published the volume Alltagsspionage in 2001 using comic-strip reportage from Berlin. In 2005 Dinter and Harder together with Jan Feindt took part in the project 'Cargo', an exchange programme between Israeli and German graphic authors supported by the Goethe-Institut. In Moresukine (2007) another Berliner, Dirk Schwieger, published his own experiences of Tokyo that had already been used for his self-published, autobiographical comic series Ineinander in 2000.
Copyright: Goethe-Institut e. V., Online-Redaktion