Einfache Deutschkenntnisse (Ehegattennachzug) (Basic German skills (spouse immigration))
In accordance with the provisions of the Residence Act (Section 30, paragraph 1, no. 2), third-country nationals wishing to join their husbands or wives in Germany must be able “to communicate in the German language on a basic level at least”. In other words, they must have German language skills corresponding to level A1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). This is the prerequisite for spouses to be granted an entry visa by a German diplomatic mission abroad. The Federal Republic's diplomatic missions abroad recognise, for example, the Goethe-Zertifikat A1: Start Deutsch 1as proof of language proficiency. It certifies that the spouse is able to:
- understand short, simple questions, instructions and messages and interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly,
- introduce him/herself and others and ask questions about personal details such as where someone lives,
- understand short, simple texts/messages, public notices and classified advertisements,
- state and understand figures, quantities, times and prices,
- fill in personal details and basic information on forms, such as name, age and address,
- write brief personal messages.