The German language should be simplified and made more accessible to all. Then integration would also work, says Abbas Khider. His proposals sound strange at first, but they are not. A book for grammar lovers.
By Swantje Schütz
Deutsch für alle: Das endgültige Lehrbuch (i.e. German for everybody: the ultimate textbook) by Abbas Khider has only 122 pages. But it contains so much grammar that those with no love of grammar probably wouldn't read a single page further. But if you love the rules and subtleties of language, Khider's attempt to simplify and renew the German language is an exciting little book. He does this out of self-interest: to cope with his “linguistic traumas”. Fortunately, and to aid understanding, he provides enough sample sentences so that one can at least follow his ideas well.
A complex linguistic monsterWhat are the main problems of the German language, which looks like a monster to Khider? By this he means “not only the insidious articles, dangerous declensions, ambuscading verb reflections and the stumbling blocks of the verb position, but also the dative and genitive cases, the countless pronouns and prepositions, irregular and separable verbs, the umlaut letters and many other strange linguistic peculiarities”.
Invincible: the umlautsAbbas Khider was born in Baghdad in 1973 and arrested for political activities at the age of nineteen. Before coming to Germany in 2000, he was an illegal refugee in various countries. In his native Iraq, he was assigned a subject to study, but he would much rather have studied literature. Khider made up for this in Germany, but first he had to learn the language – obviously – so well that he could go to university. There he studied comparative literature and modern German literature as well as philosophy. He now can rightly claim to have come quite close to a perfect German. But “the umlauts Ä, Ö and Ü have so far managed to escape my control. These were and are my greatest enemies on earth as far as pronunciation is concerned.” What he now proposes is quite understandable: “Ali Baba is very happy because he can now do without the verb at the end of the subordinate clause.” No accumulation of typos, but thus intended. If it were up to Khider, for example, the verb would always stand after the subject and there would no longer be any declensions, all forms of articles and nomina would be unalterable.
No tears!The author has a sense of humour, his text a pleasantly sarcastic undertone. The reader either considers himself infinitely fortunate when reading because German is his mother tongue and he can spare himself Khider's suffering. Or the reader is herself struggling with acquiring the language and constantly nods in agreement because she would like to send the German language to hell. In Khider's case, so he writes, the tears flowed: “German paragraphs and German grammar have one thing in common: they're enough to make one weep. Over the years, both topics have brought me to the brink of madness and made me shed more tears than many a terrible experience during my escape.” But the effort has paid off: the author can be proud of his 39-word tapeworm sentence on page 27, it is so wonderfully German, long and complicated! Anyone who writes such a sentence has made it.
Only for advanced studentsIn his preliminary remarks the author writes: “This booklet is serious linguistic nonsense” – very true. But it's hilarious. However, it should not be recommended to language students at the beginning of their career in German. You have to be enthusiastic about grammar and have successfully taken the hard road of language acquisition to really appreciate the book. The open-minded and unsparing treatment of the book's sub-theme is definitely worth reading. It touches on politics in the broadest sense, on questionable German behaviour and bureaucracy, refugees and xenophobia.
The author hopes that “at least some language schools in the country will take a few ideas from my work seriously, especially the Goethe-Institut and adult education centres”. Dear Mr. Khider, we will gladly pass on your recommendations to the relevant in-house departments ...
Khider, Abbas: Deutsch für alle. Das endgültige Lehrbuch
München: Hanser, 2019. 122 S.
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