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Werner Herzog
The Epitome of an Auteur Film Director

Director and writer Werner Herzog attends a reading and signing at McNally Jackson bookstore in New York City on June 26 2009
Director and writer Werner Herzog attends a reading and signing at McNally Jackson bookstore in New York City on June 26 2009. | © Lev Radin (Shutterstock)

Most people only know Werner Herzog as the crazy director who worked with the insane and highly controversial actor Klaus Kinski. In the summer of 2021, Cinéma du Parc will show some of the most famous works of this unusual collaboration.

By Chris Wahl

Director Werner Herzog will turn 80 in September 2022. In Germany, at least until recently, Herzog had been famous – and infamous – almost exclusively for his work with Klaus Kinski. It can therefore come as no surprise that My Best Friend (1999), Herzog's personal retrospective of the five films he made between 1972 and 1987 with the actor, who died in 1991, was his most popular work to date.

Personal crisis, public incomprehension

During the three years of filming Fitzcarraldo (1982) with Kinski Herzog fell into somewhat of a creative slump. He was presumably also exhausted by the endless personal attacks he was forced to deal with in Germany regarding the film Even Dwarfs Started Small (1970), in which he apparently took advantage of defenseless people to tell his cinematic tales. Looking back on it, most of these attacks, which reached their zenith with Herzog being labeled a “fascist”, were incomprehensible, but in the 1970s and 80s any of the more balanced voices on the subject were drowned out by the louder rants of abuse.

Herzog ended the state of his personal crisis and public misunderstanding by expatriating to California in the 1990s, where he lives to this today. More or less unnoticed by the greater public there, he was able to fashion a new career for himself that was more focused on documentary films than on feature films – stylistically profound and staged documentaries. His breakthrough in the genre was Grizzly Man (2005), which received various prizes in the USA and was enormously successful abroad – except in Germany. Herzog is a star in the USA these days. His German accent is the butt of jokes in all possible forms of media. In 2009, Time magazine selected him as one of the top 100 most influential people of the year. The only other German in the list was Angela Merkel.

The epitome of auteur filmmaker

In Germany, meanwhile, people first refocused on Herzog at the beginning of 2010, when he chaired the international jury at the Berlinale, a film festival, and at the same time donated a collection of his life works to the Stiftung Deutsche Kinemathek, a museum for film and television. He even plugged his own film Cave of Forgotten Dreams (2010) on the Harald Schmidt Show.

Herzog's persona and public image are almost impossible to separate from his work. There is probably no other director in the world who has been in the business longer (since 1962), made as many films (over 60), worked in as many countries and with as many production systems (Germany/USA, TV/film), and who has managed to maintain so much control over his projects as Werner Herzog. If someone was ever to represent the concept of auteur filmmaker (a director who is so involved in his productions that his personality comes through in almost every aspect), then it is this man. As such, his works are all thematically and aesthetically powerfully connected with each other as well as with Herzog's personality and life. In fact, Moritz Holfelder, a journalist at Bayerischer Rundfunk, a TV and radio broadcaster, made this the main theme of his biography of Herzog, which he was able to present on the occasion of the director's 70th birthday – albeit without permission from Herzog himself.

The biography

The main strength of the biography is that Holfelder chose not to keep quiet about the background story. Instead, he documented it, including the fact that Herzog's half-brother and manager, Lucki Stipetic, tried to wield a controlling hand over Werner Herzog and to alienate potential interviewees for the project. Interesting material ultimately came from the people who Holfelder was able to speak with, in particular his former classmate and friend Wolfgang von Ungern-Sternberg and director Alexander Kluge, who helped to demystify the confusion of the past. For example, Kluge told Holfelder that he had loaned Herzog the camera he used in his first films and has still never gotten it back. Herzog, for his part, has claimed on multiple occasions that he stole his first camera.

Herzog's time in the USA is not covered at all. Anyone who is really interested in learning more about Herzog's films can reference a number of further publications that have come out since the beginning of the 2000s.
 

Literature:

Peter W. Jansen / Wolfram Schütte (Hg.):
Werner Herzog (Reihe Film 22, Hanser München und Wien 1979)

Timothy Corrigan (Hg.):
The Films of Werner Herzog. Between Mirage and History (Methuen, New York und London 1986)

Paul Cronin (Hg.):
Herzog on Herzog (Faber and Faber, London 2002)

Brad Prager:
The Cinema of Werner Herzog: Aesthetic Ecstasy and Truth (Wallflower, London und New York 2007)

Chris Wahl:
Lektionen in Herzog. Neues über Deutschlands verlorenen Filmautor Werner Herzog und sein Werk (edition text + kritik, München 2011)

Eric Ames:
Ferocious Reality: Documentary According to Werner Herzog (University of Minnesota Press, Minnesota 2012)

Moritz Holfelder:
Werner Herzog (LangenMüller, München 2012)

Brad Prager (Hg.):
A Companion to Werner Herzog (Wiley, Hoboken, NJ 2012)

From Friday, July 2 to Sunday, August 28, 2021
 

   Parc at Midnight: Herzog Retrospective

At the Cinéma du parc
All films are in original German with English subtitles

The program:

FITZCARRALDO 

Friday 02 July 21h30
Saturday 03 July 21h30
Sunday 04 July 14h30


COBRA VERDE 

Friday 09 July 21h30
Saturday 10 July 21h30
Sunday 11 July 14h30


THE ENIGMA OF KASPAR HAUSER

Friday 16 July 21h30
Saturday 17 July 21h30
Sunday 18 July 14h30


AGUIRRE, THE WRATH OF GOD 

Friday 23 July 21h30
Saturday 24 July 21h30
Sunday 25 July 14h30


GRIZZLY MAN

Friday 30 July 21h30
Saturday 31 July 21h30
Sunday 01 August 14h30


MY BEST FIEND 

Friday 06 August 21h30
Saturday 07 August 21h30
Sunday 08 August 14h30


STROSZEK 

Friday 13 August 21h30
Saturday 14 August 21h30
Sunday 15 August 14h30


WOYZECK 

Friday 20 August 21h30
Saturday 21 August 21h30
Sunday 22 August 14h30


NOSFERATU THE VAMPYRE 

Friday 27 August 21h30
Saturday 28 August 21h30
Sunday 29 August 14h30

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