Idea of a Multi-stakeholder Approach to Govern Online Freedom of Expression
Donny B.U. is the co-founder of ICT Watch, an Indonesian CSO whose goal is to lay the foundations for the safe and responsible use of the internet through its national campaign initiative Internet Sehat. In 2012, he was awarded the Ashoka Fellowship for his focus on freedom of expression online, cyber activism, and citizen journalism. In addition to his engagement in ICT Watch, Donny is one of the founders of the Southeast Asia Freedom of Expression Network (SAFENet) and the Indonesian Internet Governance Forum. He now is serving as Expert Staff to the Indonesian Minister of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT) for Digital Literacy and Internet Governance and still teaches from time to time at leading universities in Indonesia.
Throughout the years, Donny has traveled extensively to various parts of Indonesia to share ideas and experiences with numerous information activists, communities and the general public about digital literacy and online privacy.
Singapore, “Fake News”, and a Shrinking Space for Civil Society
Kirsten Han is a Singaporean freelance journalist and the Editor-in-Chief of New Naratif, a platform for Southeast Asian journalism, research, art and community-building. Her work often revolves around the themes of social justice, human rights, politics and democracy. In 2019, she was awarded a Human Rights Press Award for her commentaries on the issue of “fake news” and freedom of expression in Singapore and Southeast Asia. Her essay The Silhouette of Oppression was published by Epigram Books in 2019.
Why the struggle against hate speech and fake news is a threat to civil liberties?
Markus Reuter is an editor at netzpolitik.org and is concerned with fundamental and civil rights as well as social movements. Among other topics, he writes about hate speech and censorship, fake news and social bots; in the framework of this topic area he has been invited twice as an expert to the German Parliament. Other focus areas include the transformation of culture and media, right-wing radical strategies in the internet, and the use of social media by governmental institutions, such as the police.
Netzpolitik.org is a platform for digital civil liberties and investigative journalism. Netzpolitik.org is not-for-profit and is financed by thousands of individual donors.
Social Media as Recruitment Channel for Terror Networks
Nasir Abas is a public figure in Indonesia who was actively involved in various extremist Islamic groups from 1987 to 2003, at which time he became a partner of Detachment 88, an anti-terror unit of the Indonesian National Police. Nasir is also a resource person for the Government Anti-Terror Body (Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Terorisme—BNPT), whose purpose is to counter violent extremism in the population. He is also involved in government programs that focus on de-radicalization. Other government institutions —e.g. the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Directorate General of Correction, the Ministry of Religious Affairs and the military— have also involved him in counter-terrorism activities. Nasir Abas lectures at universities and at the Jakarta Centre for Law Enforcement Cooperation (JCLEC) training center.
Is Facebook responsible for Mass Killings in Myanmar? – The Rolle of Platforms
Saijai Liangpunsakul is a social impact director at Phandeeyar, Myanmar Innovation Lab, leading Tech for Peace, hate speech research, and open data work. She is spearheading the effort to leverage technology and open data to support free and fair elections in Myanmar.
Saijai has a passion for using technology to create social impact. She has experience in implementing technology for underserved communities in more than 15 countries. She has previously designed a national mHealth tool for midwives in Myanmar and worked as an innovation advisor for USAID’s HIV/AIDS flagship project. Saijai was the winner of people’s choice award at the Mobile Solutions at USAID’s mStar Project.
The Mechanisms of Alt-Right Digital Propaganda in Germany
Patrick Stegemann is a German journalist and filmmaker. For years he has been investigating the far-right in Germany and its online strategies. His film Lösch Dich about online hate cultures has won several prizes. He works for German public television as a reporter, journalist and format developer. His work focuses on digital communication, the far-right and the digital economy. Stegemann’s first book, co-authored with his colleague Sören Musyal, will be published in early 2020. Die rechte Mobilmachung - Wie rechte Aktivisten im Netz die Demokratie bedrohen (Ullstein/Econ) is an investigation into and analysis of far-right online strategies.
Panel Discussion 1 - Tactics to Counter Online Extremism
The anonymity, speed, and efficiency of online communication has made it an invaluable tool for finding like-minded people, exchanging ideas, and coordinating activities. These tools can be used by marginalized people to find support among peers. Similarly, they can be used by extremist groups to spread ideology, recruit new members, and, in the worst case, to coordinate attacks.
Who is responsible for identifying and dealing with online extremism? Can platforms be held accountable for content uploaded? Is slowing down or blocking access to all online communication tools an answer in times of crisis? In this panel, we contrast and compare how different societies have approached this problem.
Panel Discussion 2 - Is Content Restriction the “New Normal”?
Not all conversation online can be clearly labelled as harmless or harmful. There are varieties of bullying, persuasion, and provocation where it is extremely difficult to draw the line. Indonesia, for instance, has an umbrella term for all forms of communication it deems undesirable: “negative content”. It encompasses all forms of nudity, which for most European countries is considered benign. In countries like Thailand or Singapore, it is certain political discussions that may be taboo.
This panel will debate the nuanced views that are held on content restriction: free speech yes, but there are limits. Where are the lines drawn and who has the power and legitimacy to police the internet.