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Impulse Theatre Festival
"Was willst Du werden: Dramaturg.“

 Abhrajit Sen
Abhrajit Sen | © Abhrajit Sen

Als ich zum ersten Mal in eines der kursierenden Poesiealben eines Klassenkameraden schrieb, waren genau dies meine Worte. Ohne überhaupt zu wissen, was der Begriff bedeutet oder seine Großartigkeit zu erahnen. Ich war schon ganz früh ständig im Theater. Ich habe mehr Zeit auf der Bühne als auf Spielplätzen verbracht, um dann als Herangewachsener zu merken, dass es fast unmöglich ist, die Schauspielerei zum Beruf zu machen. Nicht in Indien und ganz sicher nicht in Bengalen. Das desillusionierte mich seinerzeit. Aber das Theater hat doch nie aufgehört, mich zu inspirieren und ermutigen.

Von Abhrajit Sen

Bertolt Brecht schrieb im Leben des Galileo: "Unglücklich das Land, das Helden nötig hat.“ Ich sammelte Kraft, um mit dem Theater, das ich wie mein Leben liebe, weiterzumachen. Die finanziellen und infrastrukturellen Grenzen wurden zur treibenden Kraft für meine Theaterarbeit. Mein Theater entwickelte sich und fand Anklang beim Publikum. Was mich aber in der Weiterentwicklung als Schöpfer allein ausbremste, waren fehlende Bezüge. In meiner Stadt gibt es nicht viel Theater, das mich motivieren oder inspirieren könnte. Die wenigen Stücke, die dies taten, waren keine lokalen Produktionen aus Kolkata, sondern solche aus dem Ausland. Ich wollte mehr Theater kennenlernen und erfahren, was in aller Welt passiert. Mehr sehen und mehr lernen. Einfach wachsen.
 
Das Impulse Theater Festival war das größte Ereignis meines Lebens. Dieses Festival hat mich viele unglaublich experimentelle Theaterproduktionen entdecken lassen. Faszinierende Inhalte, unvorstellbare Formen und vorbildliche Produktionen. Alle Produktionen bewegen sich außerhalb des klassischen Stadttheater-Formats, verwenden alternative Ästhetiken und versuchen sich an neuen Techniken, um das Medium Theater neu auszutesten, es zu erweitern und infrage zu stellen. Alle auf dem Festival vorgestellten Produktionen haben in mir tiefe Spuren hinterlassen. Einige von ihnen sorgten für eine nachhaltige künstlerische Erschütterung und einen richtiggehenden Sinnestaumel und erweiterten mein Wissen über die Kunst und das Leben.
 
'SECOND ESSAY ON GYMNASTICS' war die erste Produktion, die ich mir auf dem Festival anschaute. Ich brauchte eine Weile, um diese Produktion als eine Theaterarbeit zu akzeptieren. Doch die acht Darsteller zwangen mich im Laufe des Stücks dazu. Nicht so sehr durch ihr gymnastisches Können, sondern durch von ihnen erzählten Durchlauf durch die Geschichte der Gymnastik, in der der “deutsche Körper“ ständig neu definiert wurde – und in deren Verlauf sie nicht nur den Slogan „Wie bunt ist es dann?“ befragten. Die Parodie auf die Symmetrie und Synchronizität des “deutschen Körpers” war ein großer Spaß. Und die monotonen und von übermäßiger Wiederholung bestimmten Choreographien der gymnastischen Bewegungen hatten zugleich auch sehr viel zum Politischen und zum Scheitern zu sagen.
 
Die Dekonstruktion von Texten, die unkonventionelle Behandlung von Raum und Erzählung, das Improvisierte in der Ausstattung schaffen immer neue theatralische Formen. Jeder, der selbst Kunst schafft oder sie liebt, weiß und schätzt das. Die Produktion WHITE LIMOZEEN jedoch brachte die Dekonstruktion und die theatrale Präsentation auf ein noch anderes Level. Puccinis Oper 'Madame Butterfly’ erzählt die tragische Geschichte einer japanischen Geisha, die auf die Rückkehr ihres Geliebten wartet. Die ist vielen bekannt. Doch die persönlichen Erfahrungen der schwarzen Sopranistin und der Perkussionistin asiatischer Herkunft präsentiert mit den exotischen Sensationen der Oper und ihrer Geschichte trugen uns durch die spannungsvolle Geschichte des Rassismus. Die Aufführung fand im Parkhaus des Gebäudes statt. Eine un-dramatische Erzählung mit Hilfe von opernhaften Stimmen, kräftigen Perkussions- und Gongklängen, eines flachen Einlesens von Texten und der Projektion von Fotos und filmischen Aufzeichnungen aus der Geschichte dieser Oper – damit wurde das Herz des Publikums erreicht. Ein rühmenswertes Musiktheater, das das Verschwinden schwarzer Darsteller und Darstellerinnen von den Bühnen der Welt zeigt, die Operngeschichte im Stück selbst thematisiert und dazu die gegenwärtige Mode einer „farbenblinden“ Rollenbesetzung. 
 
Julian Hetzels ALL INCLUSIVE macht Gebrauch von der Einsicht: “Leiden kann sich in Kunst und also in Geld verwandeln.“ Diese Einsicht muss jeden Kunstschaffenden und Kunstliebhaber packen. Diese heftige Satire stürzt das Publikum in Verwirrung und versetzte es in Verzückung. Die grausame Wahrheit, dass noch der größte Schrecken in der Kunst kommerzialisiert werden kann, erreicht das Bewusstsein des Publikums. Die Ästhetisierung von Gewalt im Stück ist sehr verstörend. In schöner Weise werden im Stück realistische Darstellungen von Gewalt und Abstraktionen umgesetzt. Die Schauspieler stellen Gewaltszenen nach, während Bilder wirklicher Gewalt auf eine Rundleinwand projiziert werden. Das wirft eine schwierige Frage auf. Wer hat das Recht, diese Arbeiten auszubeuten? Der Künstler, der sie sich erdacht hat, oder die Menschen, die diese Gewalt erleiden und sogar mit ihrem Leben bezahlen mussten? Das Publikum muss das selbst entscheiden. Die Zuschauer müssen ihre eigenen Antworten finden. Ich sehe mich selbst immer noch in einem Dilemma. Das Stück arbeitet immer noch in mir. Frisch und weiterhin sehr verstörend.
 
MARKUS & MARKUS fand ich eigentlich kaum besonders beeindruckend in punkto Bühnenaustattung, Erzählweise oder die schauspielerische Leistung der zwei Performer, die es an Dramatik, Gefühlen oder Mitgefühl vermissen ließen. Aber dann das Thema des Stücks: Gott entscheidet, ob jemand Muslim wird oder nicht. Wir können uns nicht selbst entscheiden. Diese einfache Moral von 'MARKUS & MARKUS' ist tatsächlich etwas sehr komplexes und zudem heutzutage eine ziemlich gewagte Aussage. Doch das Stück ist ein wirklicher Ausdruck von Mut und Furchtlosigkeit. Unsere Welt ist voller Turbulenzen und Gewalt. Die ständige Bedrohung und Akte von Terrorismus haben den weltweiten Frieden zerstört. Und Hass auf und Intoleranz gegenüber Muslimen ist nun eine allgemeine Tatsache. In dieser Lage ist es ein besonders mutiges Unterfangen, das die wahre Bestimmung der Kunst heraufbeschwört, eine solche Produktion zu schaffen, in der Videoaufnahmen und kunstvoll erzählte Spekulationen zum Einsatz kommen, um von den Regeln des Ramadan, den fünf Säulen des Islam zu erzählen und die Vielfalt des Islam zu feiern. Die Geschichtenerzähler - Markus & Markus – nehmen uns mit auf ihre Reise, sich den Islam anzueignen. Zwei weiße deutsche Männer erzählen von ihrer Suche nach dem Islam und ihrem Versuch, Muslime zu werden. An einer Stelle des Stücks ist der Punkt erreicht, an dem man zu glauben beginnt, Markus und Markus seien tatsächlich Muslime geworden. Im Allgemeinen ist das Theater eine Möglichkeit, von außen auf eine Reihe von Themen zu blicken. In diesem Fall schaut man vom Inneren auf eine Anzahl von Themen. Das ist ziemlich schräg. Das Stück stellt in seiner Anlage eine Herausforderung dar. Um das Stück wirklich genießen zu können, muss man einen religiösen Pluralismus und eine großartiges Humorverständnis mitbringen.
 
FEMININITY bietet Theater mit viel Tanz und Musik. Ein Mädchen, ein Junge, ein Transgender und ein Eunuche beschreiben ihre jeweiligen Schwierigkeiten, ein selbstbestimmtes eigenes feminines Leben zu führen. Das Stück feiert den Widerstand gegen die Norm. Es stellt das Wort Weiblichkeit (femininity) mit Hilfe von Tanz und Monologen in Frage, um so intime Selbstporträts entstehen zu lassen, die von eigenen Erlebnissen, gewesenen Sehnsüchten und sozialen Wirklichkeiten erzählen. Die Szenen voller geschlechtsbedingter Diskriminierung, uralten Traditionen, Gewalt gegen Frauen und der Misshandlung von Trisexuellen bringen das Publikum gehörig durcheinander. Warum wird die Verweiblichung als etwas Negatives gesehen? Warum können wir die sexuellen Vorlieben der anderen nicht akzeptieren? Warum besitzen wir nicht die Freiheit zur Liebe und können den Körper des anderen nicht nach dessen Wunsch wahrnehmen lernen? Liefert die Gesellschaft Antworten? Finden wir Antworten? Das eigentliche Thema von FEMININITY sind die von der Gesellschaft geschaffenen Vorurteile. Sexismus, Diskriminierung, Doppelstandards und uralte Mythen werden betrachtet und was daraus entsteht, ist eine Stimme, die zugleich stimuliert und verstört.
 
Nicht die Theater-Aufführungen allein, sondern so viel mehr ließ mich auf dieser Reise die Welt neu wahrnehmen und erweitert sehen: die Reise nach Köln, die Besuche von Kunstinstitutionen und Museen, kurze Eindrücke von Künstlern und Künstlerinnen aus aller Welt, Paneldiskussionen zu kunstrelevanten Thematiken, Tischgespräche mit Experten, die Feedbackrunden mit Kunstschaffenden und Performern, innovative Kunstinstallationen, der Besuch von historischen Häusern und Weltkulturerbeorten, der Besuch im Garden of Chicks, das fünfstündige Stück über häusliche Gewalt. Mein Verständnis nicht nur vom Theater, sondern von der Kunst ganz allgemein erweiterte sich während dieser Tage extrem. Düsseldorf war eine frische Brise. Die Reise hat mich zu einer besseren Version von mir werden lassen. Ernster im Umgang mit Kunst und Gesellschaft. Stärker und mutiger.
 
Das vom Festival und dem Goethe Institut geplante Programm haben die Begrenzungen meines Denkens durchstoßen und meine Perspektive auf Kunst und Leben erweitert. Alles scheint möglich. Das Denken kennt keine Grenzen mehr. Ich glaube nun an den Satz: „Was erdacht werden kann, was imaginiert werden kann... das kann auch entstehen.“
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Alle Zeichen stehen auf Neustart und ich bin zum Aufbruch bereit.

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