Studium und Ausbildung Foto: © colourbox.de
For migrants with a visa

畢業證書

大學畢業或學習完一項職業技能後,通常會有更好的職業前途。然而,必須完成職業技能學習,即畢業後,才能獲得證書。您若在您的國家已經獲得某個畢業證書?請找宣誓翻譯進行翻譯並公證。 

培訓過程

進行職業培訓(又稱學徒培訓)通常需要擁有主幹學校的畢業證書。沒有畢業則很難獲得學徒資格。德國大多數職業擁有雙元制培訓體系。即:學生一方面直接在公司學習,同時又在職業學校上課,學習相關職業所需的理論基礎知識。當然,職業學校的學生也要上基本的課程,如德語、政治或體育。您可在歌德學院網頁上練習職場德語。而在公司裡,學生則主要學習實踐知識;這樣,學生每周幾天在公司工作學習,另外在職業學校好幾課時的理論課;或者幾周全部在公司,另幾周全部在職業學校。許多公司提供近乎全部職業的培訓崗位,尋找公司培訓崗位就像是找工作:必須遞交職位申請(參見:「求職」),在公司進行職業培訓也將獲得一些薪水。

職業培訓的時長

職業培訓通常持續2到3年。但某些職業領域的培訓則相對較短,如銷售、老年護理或化妝品等。請到您所在城市的勞動就業中心進行諮詢。 

大學學業通過高中畢業考(Abitur)或者擁有另外一張的專科高中畢業證書的學生可以在大學(Universität,簡稱:Uni)繼續深造。而通過專業性畢業考的學生則要讀應用技術大學(Fachhochschule,簡稱:FH)。與大學相比,應用技術大學的課程通常更為注重實踐性。德國的高校(Uni和FH)要求學生擁有很高的德語程度。對於德語非母語的學生而言,則需要遞交德語語言程度證明。即:「德國大學入學德語考試」(Deutsche Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang,簡稱:DSH)或者TestDaF(又稱德福)。但可能也有其他要求,例如一定的平均分數(招收限額),請詢問各地大學。
 
各州學費多寡不一,攻讀國立大學的學士與碩士學位一般免繳學費,每學期可能須繳交管理、大學生服務部以及學期車票產生的費用,相關資訊請參閱www.stuieren.de或www.studis-online.de
 
成學士學位(Bachelor)通常需要好幾個學期。之後再研讀幾個學期攻讀取碩士學位(Master)。
 
每個城市都設有職業資訊中心(Berufsinformationszentrum,簡稱:BIZ)。通過勞動就業中心可以找到您城市的BIZ,那裡的工作人員將為您提供更為詳盡的諮詢:職業培訓、大學學習和進修。

 

For asylum seekers

Vocational Training

During the initial three months in Germany, refugees who have submitted an asylum application are not allowed to work. Only after three months, will they be allowed to start vocational training. However, not all refugees who have submitted an asylum application are allowed to work. Refugees from so-called safe countries of origin are not allowed to work until their asylum procedure has been completed. 

Starting a vocational training does not automatically mean that you are allowed to stay in Germany. The residence permit will only be extended by a specific time period. 

Refugees with a temporary residence permit may work until their asylum process has been completed, if certain conditions are met. Individuals with a Duldung, a temporary stay of deportation, may also only work under certain conditions.

Important information regarding the different conditions is provided at the website of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF):

University Degree Course

Do you want to study at a university in Germany? This is possible for refugees in many federal states. However, conditions vary between federal states and universities. Usually, you will need a good degree of proficiency of German (C1) to be able to register for university degree courses in Germany and you need to have a university entrance qualification. However, many universities have special offers for refugees. The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees provides some information in this regard.

Recognition of Qualifications and Documents

Specific qualifications are required to be able to start vocational training or university courses. Qualifications need to be confirmed by certificates or documents. With these documents from your country of origin, your qualifications can be recognised in Germany. However, not every qualification will be recognised in Germany. This needs to be reviewed in advance.

Do you hold a vocational qualification or a graduate degree? In this case your documents will first have to be reviewed to be recognised. If you don’t have any documents, you may take a qualification test. In this case, you will be watched at work, tested and interviewed. However, this option is not available in all federal states.

Do you need help with the recognition of qualifications? Please contact the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). They have a hotline you can call.

+49 30-1815-1111
Recognition of foreign qualifications in Germany

常見問題

在哪兒可以接受職業培訓?

誰可以進行職業培訓?

職業培訓的開始時間?

我能在任何一所高校讀書嗎?

進行職業培訓時,必須要去職業學校上課嗎?

上大學能獲得資金援助嗎?

如有其他疑問,請聯絡青少年移民服務中心的諮詢人員。

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