Arbeitssuche Foto: © colourbox.de
For migrants with a visa

工作许可

您并非欧盟成员国或欧盟贸易区国家的居民?那么您在德国需要持有工作许可。您的居留许可上注明了您是否可以在德国工作或可以工作的时限。 

证明及认证

您已拥有您所属国颁发的职业技能培训毕业证、高等院校毕业证或其它毕业证?您须将该证件进行翻译并进行公证。公证是指,官方机构对您的证书和文件真实性进行鉴定。最好由您所属国的官方机构进行验证。有时可能您的毕业证在德国并不被承认,您可事先在您所属国进行核查(外国毕业证认证)。参阅网页“德国认证”(“Anerkennung in Deutschland”)获取更详尽信息。关于这些也请参阅我们的资讯图表。

Anerkennung in Deutschland

寻找工作职位

您已获得工作许可?那么您可以开始找工作了。寻找工作职位有许多途径:可通过网络、报纸或在劳动就业局的工作中心(Job-Center)里的招聘启事中获得空缺职位信息。在报纸中您通常仅能找到地区性的招聘信息,但该信息具有时效性。因特网中有很多职位信息,但其不一定还有效。劳动就业局的工作中心将为您找到合适的职位提供咨询。您也可直接问询某一公司,有时刚好有空缺职位,却未在报纸或网上发布。在公司的网页上有时也可能找到空缺职位。 

另外,劳动就业局的职业信息中心(BIZ)也可为您提供信息:在那里您将找到招聘职位信息和许多关于劳动及职业的各种信息。此外,您也可以在BIZ和工作中心(Job-Center)设立自己的求职档案。如果您还不清楚您能够或想要从事什么样的工作,BIZ也将为您提供职业咨询。

进行实习也大有益处,因为您可以在实习中进一步认识所做的工作并在公司内建立联系。

求职申请

求职申请是进入职场的第一步。其中,申请材料非常重要。您需要准备一封求职信、一张合适的免冠照片、个人简历和您的资历证书(使用德语)。劳动就业局的职业信息中心(BIZ)提供进修辅导班:“德国的申请材料”。这里您将学习掌握如何正确准备申请材料和进行面试。 

许多城市都为移民提供咨询。同时,咨询内容也包括如何找工作和申请职位(参见联邦移民及难民局)27岁以下的青年人可在青年移民局享受特殊咨询。

For asylum seekers

Working

During their initial three months in Germany, refugees are not allowed to work. This period starts with the date of registration at the initial reception centre. Only after three months are you allowed to apply for a job. However, not every refugee who has claimed asylum is allowed to work. Refugees from so-called safe countries of origin are not permitted to work until their asylum application has been decided.

Would you like to work in Germany after these initial three months? In this case, you will need to obtain a permit from the Foreigners Registration Office. In the beginning, you won’t have as many options when it comes to job selection. However, this is going to change the longer you have been in Germany.

Once you have officially been granted refugee status in Germany, you are allowed to work without any restrictions. Are you a tolerated asylum seeker with a temporary stay of deportation? Then it will be at the authority’s discretion whether or not you are allowed to work.

Finding employment

Are you looking for a job? Then you can turn to the Job Centre. The Job Centre assists people in their job search and can help you. 

Arbeitsagentur: Jobbörse

But there are also other initiatives that assist refugees in their job search. You can find various job exchange sites on the Internet where you can register your details. 

workeer.de: Jobbörse für Flüchtlinge

jobbörse.de: Jobbörse für Flüchtlinge

Have you found a job? In this case, the Foreigners Registration Office will first check that no other EU citizen is available to fill this position. This is called priority review. If no other EU citizen is available for the specific job, you will be granted a work permit. The job centre still has to provide their consent.

Do you hold a vocational qualification or a graduate degree? In this case, your documents will first need to be reviewed to be recognised. If your documents are recognised in Germany, it will be easier to obtain a work permit as no priority review will be carried out. For more information on recognised qualifications, see the article on University Degrees and Vocational Training.

Germany currently has a high demand for skilled craftsmen or trained professionals such as nurses. Are you qualified in any of these professions? In this case, you can work without the need for a priority review.

常见问题

必须翻译证书/证件吗?

谁有权翻译我的证书?

可否使用英文书写申请呢?

我的申请没有回复,该怎么办?

申请材料中的复印件需要公证吗?

As an asylum seeker, why can I not start working immediately?

 如有其它疑问,请联系青少年移民服务中心的咨询人员。

在线咨询

学校、职业培训、大学教育

大学学业和职业教育

Wohnen Foto: © colourbox.de 迈向德国的第一步

住房

Berufsausbildung Foto: © colourbox.de 学校、职业培训、大学教育

资讯图表