Erste Schritte in Deutschland Foto: © colourbox.de
For migrants with a visa

护照及签证

您需持有效的护照或其它能够证明您身份的证件,才能入境德国。此外,日后在德国政府机构办事均须使用护照。非欧盟国居民还需拥有签证。 

您可在所在国的德国大使馆或使领馆申请获得德国签证。您已拥有在德国的工作合同或您的亲属居住在德国?那么,您的签证申请过程将更为简易,在德国外交部网站可获得更多信息。 

欧盟成员国居民或属于欧盟经济区国家的居民不需持签证入境。

居民局及居留许可

初到德国您须到所在城市居民局登记,之后再到外管局注册。在那里您将得到德国居留许可,这是一张显示您居留状态的卡片。其显示您还可以在德国居留多久以及是否拥有合法工作资格。 

您必须到政府机关办事但德语说得还不够好?那么您可以找一个翻译随行:他既能说德语也可说您的母语,可为您在办事时帮上大忙。

融合语言班

您的德语还不好?那么您可以参加语言班。有时您也有参加融合语言班的义务。在语言班您可以更好地学习德语并能够在那里获得更多关于德国生活的重要信息。外管局将给您一个参加语言班的证明并告知您在哪里可以参加语言班。更多信息请参阅语言班章节。

找工作和职业培训

下一步是寻找工作。在您的国家您已拥有特定的职业技能或接受过高等教育?那么您需翻译并公证您的证件。具体请您咨询劳动就业局,在那里您可以办理上述事宜。另外,劳动就业局也将帮助您找到合适的工作。如果您还不具备职业技能或没有学位证书,或并不确定您能做什么工作或想做什么工作,您仍可以去劳动就业局,在那里您将得到职业咨询,帮助您确定职业方向。劳动就业局亦提供职业培训和课程的信息。与此相关信息也可参阅学业与职业培训。

孩子与入学

6岁以上的儿童有入学义务。请将您的孩子送到学校接受教育。您所在城市的青少年保护局将为您提供帮助。更多相关信息请参阅章节早期教育及学校体制。

保险

以下保险十分重要:医疗保险、养老保险及护理保险(参见章节“保险”),如您已有工作职位,则将自动获得上述保险(参见“参加工作”),此外,您还需拥有一个银行的储蓄账户(参见“银行账户及财务”)

重要地址

您正在寻找融合语言班或外管局?在“重要地址”中您可以直接找到您附近的信息。包括地址或电话号码在内的信息可以在地图上找到。

For asylum seekers

Asylum Procedure

Have you come to Germany to claim asylum? This information is important for your asylum application.

First, you are registered at an initial reception centre. From the initial reception centre, you may be relocated to a different accommodation in one of the 16 federal states. Once you have reached the reception centre assigned to you, you can submit an application for asylum at one of the branches of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). The asylum procedure may take up to two years or longer.

Application

You must submit your asylum application in person to the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). You will receive an appointment notification for your application or the appointment will be displayed on a noticeboard in the initial reception centre. To locate the BAMF branch nearest you go here.

At the BAMF branch, your personal details will be captured. If you are older than 14 years, your fingerprint and photo will be taken. This is for the purpose of establishing that this is your first asylum application. The BAMF will inform you about your rights and duties as an asylum seeker.

In addition, you will be asked about your travel route as this determines whether or not Germany is responsible for your asylum claim. If you, for example, have had your fingerprints taken in another country, Germany may not examine your asylum application, and you will be returned to the country responsible for your claim. The authorities will therefore investigate which EU country is responsible for your asylum application. In most cases, this will be the country of first entry. This is according to the Dublin Agreement.

If Germany is responsible for your asylum claim, your application will be processed in Germany.

As soon as your asylum application has been submitted, you will receive a residence permit. The residence permit grants you legal residency in Germany for the duration of the asylum process. In some federal states, this temporary residence permit is limited to certain areas. This means that you may not leave the assigned area or the federal state during the first three months of your stay.

Each asylum seeker is assigned a case manager. This means that, if you are submitting an asylum application as a family, you will have several case managers. For this very reason, the length of the application process can vary for individual family members.

Application Interview

Each asylum seeker must attend his/her asylum interview in person. Each application is investigated on its own merits. A so-called decision-maker from the BAMF and an interpreter are present at the asylum interview.

The asylum interview is the single most important part of your asylum process and crucial for the decision. During the interview, you must explain, in as much detail as possible, why you cannot return to your home country and why you have fled your home country.

To this end, it is of particular importance to tell one’s personal story rather than to just describe the general situation in one’s home country.

If you have evidence that you are being persecuted, e.g. for political, religious or other reasons, you should bring such evidence with you to the asylum interview. At the end of this interview, you will receive a copy of the interview record. You should have this record translated back into your language and sign it only if you are certain that everything has been recorded correctly. It is extremely difficult to have corrections made retrospectively.

Decision

You will receive a letter notifying you of the decision on your asylum application. The letter will specify the reason behind the decision. If your application has been rejected, the letter will also request your departure from Germany. If this is the case, you will have to leave Germany, otherwise you will face deportation. However, you are entitled to appeal the rejection of your application. When doing so, it is advisable to seek the help of a lawyer or an advice centre.

Acceptance

Have you been granted refugee or asylum status? In this case, you are allowed to stay in Germany for at least three years. After these three years, you may receive a permanent residence permit. If you were granted national or international subsidiary protection (for one year), you may receive permanent residence after five to seven years.

Asylum seekers with a certificate of Duldung, a temporary stay of deportation, must reapply for an extension every three months. A temporary stay of deportation is not a residence status, which means that you remain obligated to leave the country and that, in theory, you may be deported at any time if the reasons for your temporary stay of deportation cease to exist. People who have been staying in Germany for a long time on the basis of a temporary stay of deportation and who are well integrated (attending school, receiving vocational training, working, learning German), may receive residence status. For more information, please contact the advice centres nearest you.

Rejection

If you come form a so-called safe country of origin or seek asylum for economic reasons, your prospects of being granted asylum status or being recognised as a refugee are not good.

Your application was rejected? In this case you have different options: either you leave Germany or you start an appeal process. For the appeal process, it is advisable to seek the help of a lawyer or of an advice centre. You have a deadline within which to leave Germany or to lodge an appeal. This deadline must be observed.

For more information go here.
 

常见问题

哪些国家属于欧盟?

哪些国家属于欧盟贸易区?

在德国是否可以使用您所在国的驾驶执照?

对签证和入境您还有其它问题?

I do not understand this important letter. Who can help me with complicated documents in bureaucratic German / official German?

What services are available to me as an asylum seeker?

My advisor at the social services/employment agency is treating me badly. What can I do?

 如有其它疑问,请联系青少年移民服务中心的咨询人员。

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