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For migrants with a visa

毕业证书

大学毕业或学习完一项职业技能后,通常会有更好的职业前途。然而,必须完成职业技能学习,即毕业后,才能获得证书。您若在您的国家已经获得某个毕业证书?请找宣誓翻译进行翻译并公证。 

培训过程

进行职业培训(又称学徒培训)通常需要拥有主干学校的毕业证书。没有毕业则很难获得学徒资格。德国大多数职业拥有双元制培训体系。即:学生一方面直接在公司学习,同时又在职业学校上课,学习相关职业所需的理论基础知识。当然,职业学校的学生也要上基本的课程,如德语、政治或体育。您可在歌德学院网页上练习职场德语。而在公司里,学生则主要学习实践知识;这样,学生每周几天在公司工作学习,另外在职业学校好几课时的理论课;或者几周全部在公司,另几周全部在职业学校。许多公司提供近乎全部职业的培训岗位,寻找公司培训岗位就像是找工作:必须递交职位申请(参见:「求职」),在公司进行职业培训也将获得一些薪水。

求职

职业培训的时长

职业培训通常持续2到3年。但某些职业领域的培训则相对较短,如销售、老年护理或化妆品等。请到您所在城市的劳动就业中心进行咨询。 

大学学业

通过高中毕业考(Abitur)或者拥有另外一张的专科高中毕业证书的学生可以在大学(Universität,简称:Uni)继续深造。而通过专业性毕业考的学生则要读应用技术大学(Fachhochschule,简称:FH)。与大学相比,应用技术大学的课程通常更为注重实践性。德国的高校(Uni和FH)要求学生拥有很高的德语程度。对于德语非母语的学生而言,则需要递交德语语言程度证明。即:「德国大学入学德语考试」(Deutsche Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang,简称:DSH)或者TestDaF(又称德福)。但可能也有其他要求,例如一定的平均分数(招收限额),请询问各地大学。
 
各州学费多寡不一,攻读国立大学的学士与硕士学位一般免缴学费,每学期可能须缴交管理、大学生服务部以及学期车票产生的费用,相关资讯请参阅www.studieren.de或www.studis -online.de

大学要求学生支付一定的学期费(并非学费)。其由社会义务金和大学管理费组成。有时也包括学期车票。完成学士学位(Bachelor)通常需要6到8个学期。之后再用2到4个学期攻读取硕士学位(Master)。

每个城市都设有职业信息中心(Berufsinformationszentrum,简称:BIZ)。通过劳动就业中心可以找到您城市的BIZ,那里的工作人员将为您提供更为详尽的咨询:职业培训、大学学习和进修。

For asylum seekers

Vocational Training

During the initial three months in Germany, refugees who have submitted an asylum application are not allowed to work. Only after three months, will they be allowed to start vocational training. However, not all refugees who have submitted an asylum application are allowed to work. Refugees from so-called safe countries of origin are not allowed to work until their asylum procedure has been completed. 

Starting a vocational training does not automatically mean that you are allowed to stay in Germany. The residence permit will only be extended by a specific time period. 

Refugees with a temporary residence permit may work until their asylum process has been completed, if certain conditions are met. Individuals with a Duldung, a temporary stay of deportation, may also only work under certain conditions.

Important information regarding the different conditions is provided at the website of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF):

University Degree Course

Do you want to study at a university in Germany? This is possible for refugees in many federal states. However, conditions vary between federal states and universities. Usually, you will need a good degree of proficiency of German (C1) to be able to register for university degree courses in Germany and you need to have a university entrance qualification. However, many universities have special offers for refugees. The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees provides some information in this regard.

Recognition of Qualifications and Documents

Specific qualifications are required to be able to start vocational training or university courses. Qualifications need to be confirmed by certificates or documents. With these documents from your country of origin, your qualifications can be recognised in Germany. However, not every qualification will be recognised in Germany. This needs to be reviewed in advance.

Do you hold a vocational qualification or a graduate degree? In this case your documents will first have to be reviewed to be recognised. If you don’t have any documents, you may take a qualification test. In this case, you will be watched at work, tested and interviewed. However, this option is not available in all federal states.

Do you need help with the recognition of qualifications? Please contact the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF). They have a hotline you can call.

+49 30-1815-1111
Recognition of foreign qualifications in Germany

常见问题

在哪儿可以接受职业培训?

谁可以进行职业培训?

进行职业培训时,必须要去职业学校上课吗?

上大学能获得资金援助吗?

How can I have my qualifications recognised?

How can I apply for an internship as an asylum seeker?

 如有其它疑问,请联系青少年移民服务中心的咨询人员。

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