Learning strategy competences

By virtue of personal preferences and aptitudes, every learner is a distinct learner type and can evolve his or her own learning techniques and learning strategies, which can be addressed in language classes, ideally in manner that is as specific to each learner as possible.

Learning with all the senses means that the child becomes better at self-understanding, and observes the own learning behaviour, and this observation in turn teaches him or her how to learn a foreign language most effectively. If a child has been introduced to the widest possible range of learning strategies, he or she can identify preferences and at a later stage direct his or her learning process and pace autonomously.

Learning strategies make the foreign language learning process easier and evidently engender a positive attitude to learning and using the foreign language. Benefit accrues for the learning of further languages.
    Recommendations
    • Teaching content and methodology in early foreign language teaching should be designed from the start to enable the individual child to learn to observe him- or herself and his or her personal learning behaviour, so coming gradually to identify the learner type to which he or she belongs, and to discover which of the senses are instrumental to his or her fastest and most successful learning.
    • Training in basic communication strategies (enquiring, use of gesture and mime etc.) and memory strategies should begin early.
    • Children should be given the chance to become familiar with and try out the fundamental techniques that will gradually equip them for autonomous learning.

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