Important documents for starting workHave you found a permanent job in Germany? Then you are an employee. You need several documents for your employer. First you need proof that you have health insurance. You can get this proof from your health insurance company. In Germany everyone has to have health insurance. Normally you also need a national insurance card. You can get this from the health insurance company too. You often need a police clearance certificate as well. You can get this from the residents‘ registration office.
Insurance and taxAs an employee you also have pension insurance and unemployment insurance. But you don’t have to do anything about that, you have these insurance policies automatically. The employer pays part of your health insurance, pension insurance and unemployment insurance. You pay the rest. That is deducted automatically from your wages/salary. You also need a tax code and an electronic income tax card. You can get both of these from the tax office. You don’t have to set up payment of the taxes yourself. The tax office takes the taxes straight out of your wages/salary.
Employment contractEvery employee gets an employment contract. You and the employer sign the contract. Read the employment contract through, paying attention to detail, and only sign it when you have done so. If you are unsure, ask: adults can consult Migrationsberatung für erwachsene Zuwanderer (Migration advice for adult immigrants; MBE). Children and young adults up to the age of 27 can obtain information from the Jugendmigrationsdiensten (youth migration services; JMD). All the rules are in the employment contract. You and the employer must adhere to these rules. Other information is provided here, such as: how much do you earn each month? How much holiday entitlement do you have? What do you have to do if you are sick?
You normally have a trial period in a new job. The length of the trial period varies. Sometimes it’s only a few weeks, sometimes six months. The employer observes you more closely during the trial period. He decides whether you will continue to work in the company after the trial period. And you decide whether you want to continue with this job after the trial period. The period of notice is shorter during the trial period (usually two to three weeks), after that it is normally 3 months.