- Private goods are sold to consumers by commercial entities.
- Public goods are regulated for citizens by state institutions.
- Commons are produced and maintained to be used by all.
ElementS OF THE Commons
Commoning is defined by resource, community and institution.
Resources are the commons themselves:
- Information commons are knowledge, information, ideas, code.
- Environmental commons are natural resources such as water, air, forests and biodiversity.
- Urban commons are infrastructure and public space (“the right to the city”).
The community is the group of people who join together to produce, manage and maintain a resource on the basis of need-led and public-spirited values.
The institution regulates the relationship between resource and community. It oversees
the rules and norms adopted by the user community.
Practical GuidanceFrom the tragedy of the commons to the classical and critical theories, there is certainly no shortage of discussions about the term’s origins and empirical implications. Yet practical guidance is lacking. That is the gap that “How to Common” sets out to fill: We are working with civil society actors to develop practical guidance (a “Commoning 101”). The goal is to encourage the use of commoning practices in the development of formats and projects.
From schools to museums and libraries, from creative artists and activists to teachers and students – the commons open up knowledge and education formats to everyone. In the process, we discover that creating, working, learning and influencing can be a democratic, collaborative and public-spirited process.
How is the process organised?
|Sustainable use and fair access
How can we ensure fair and sustainable access to the resource/service/process?
|Not for profit
How do we ensure benefit for the common good?