This glossary explains frequently used terms relating to the language/integration nexus and guides you through the apparent complexities of the relevant concepts and terminology.

Goethe-Zertifikat B1

The Goethe-Zertifikat B1 and the Goethe-Zertifikat B1: Zertifikat Deutsch (ZD) are internationally recognised examinations of German language proficiency at the B1 level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). A pass at this level means that a learner has sound basic knowledge of German and the language skills required for dealing with all kinds of different situations encountered every day.

From 1 August 2013, the Goethe-Zertifikat B1 replaced the previous examinations, i.e. the Goethe-Zertifikat B1: Zertifikat Deutsch (ZD) and, for young people, the Goethe-Zertifikat B1: Zertifikat Deutsch für Jugendliche (ZDj), worldwide. The examination was developed by the Goethe-Institut (GI) in cooperation with the Österreichisches Sprachdiplom (ÖSD) and the University of Fribourg in Switzerland (Unifri-DaF).

The Goethe-Zertifikat B1 and Zertifikat Deutsch are recognised as proof of the language skills required for naturalisation (the same applies to the German Test for Immigrants, provided that level B1 has been achieved).

Related links


Funny stories about horses and soccer-players – read out on Arabic and downloadable as a podcast to be listened to anywhere!


Where to? 21 questions on migration and refuge


Learning German for Refugees

Arriving App

The guide for your first weeks in Germany

My way to Germany

Videos and practises for German learners