Migration is rarely a one-way process. Instead, it encompasses complex, multi-stage movements, such that migration researchers now refer to “transmigrants” in order to express the complex movements and practices involved in migration.
Migration comprises both physical and symbolic mobility practices, as the place of origin is linked to migrants’ current place of residence to form an interconnected space where migrants spend their lives. This relies on transnational communication practices to maintain and forge new social relations, but it also involves movements of people, goods and financial flows.
Migrants’ mobility – depending on their individual legal status – is heavily influenced by the regulations and policies in place in the regions of origin and destination regions, as well as by supranational provisions. As a result, current migration research is also investigating the crossovers between the various movements (e.g. tourism and migration along the Mediterranean coast) and is coming to view the transit zones as centres of mobility with diverse routes, internal dynamics and strategies of migration.