This glossary explains frequently used terms relating to the language/integration nexus and guides you through the apparent complexities of the relevant concepts and terminology.

Transnationalität (Transnationality)

In mobility and migration processes, actors operate on a transnational basis, arrive at new places, stay for a while, return home, move on or commute between places. Nonetheless, the region of origin generally remains a relevant frame of reference, increasingly giving rise to transnational biographies and identities. Transnational exchange and the circulation of ideas, goods and people create spaces of social pluralism, involving intense communication and flexible mobility. Through complex transnational practices, various relationship networks and spaces are interlinked. As a result, separate sociocultural structures and hybrid cultural processes with new lifestyles, practices and symbols are formed, and this has an effect on the regions of origin and the current place of residence. The migrants’ daily life breaks with rigid and homogeneous concepts of nationality. Current migration researchers therefore use the term “transmigrants” to denote migrants who utilise their sociocultural resources in a variety of social spaces.




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