Hiroshi Ishiguro

Hiroshi Ishiguro © Hiroshi Ishiguro Hiroshi Ishiguro is a robotics researcher interested in androids, intelligent robots, art and philosophy. He is a professor at Osaka University and a visiting director of ATR Hiroshi Ishiguro Laboratories.

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My favourite AI in culture project at the moment is…besides my own work, Shogi AI. Shogi is Japanese chess and Shogi AI is already better at the game than humans, but more importantly, AI has made shogi more interesting because it is able to analyse plays very well. In the old days we would wonder why that player was so good, but now we can compare human players to AI and see it. In a way, AI motivates human players to aim higher.

By 2030 I would like to have an AI app which…is an autonomous conversational robot. Or a semi-autonomous avatar, which could go outside and go to work during times like in a pandemic. One that properly understands my intentions and where I can feel what it is doing.

My worst AI nightmare is…using AI to predict the future, as it would have dangerous consequences. AI predicts the future using data we have today, so I would say current AI does not paint a bright future picture of society. Humans evolve, but AI cannot interpret data and take into consideration human evolution at the same time. For example, look at the issue of race. If we asked AI to do job interviews, it would not employ many black people because it is judging people according to data up to now, which has discriminated against black people. 

The future of AI needs…to understand that we should not put huge expectations on AI because it solves problems in a different way to humans. Unless we study what human intelligence is, then we shouldn’t say things like AI is becoming more human, or it is going beyond human. We need to remember that AI stands for artificial intelligence, not human intelligence or intelligence.

Hiroshi Ishiguro's contribution: “Reality is catching up to science fiction”: An interview with Hiroshi Ishiguro