Photo: Washingtoniana Division, D.C. Public Library
Joseph Uphues (18501911), a once famous German sculptor, created the original marble statue of Frederick the Great (1740-1786) in 1899. It was originally part of the monumental statuary on the Siegesallee in Berlin's Tiergarten. A copy of the statue can be seen today in Potsdam in the Sanssouci Palaces's Lustgarten.
Kaiser Wilhelm II gave a bronze replica of the statue to President
Theodore Roosevelt as a personal gift in 1904. It was unveiled November
19, 1904 at the Army War College in Washington D.C. (now known as Fort
Lesley J. McNair, 4th and P Streets, SW, Terrace). As the Smithsonian
American Art Museum reports: "During World War I,
the sculpture was removed from public view (April 15, 1918) in response
to congressional and public comments, as well as threats to destroy
it. The sculpture was returned to its base on November 29, 1927, but
was removed again during World War II. It remained in storage until
March 1954 when it was relocated to the old parade grounds at Carlisle
Barracks. The sculpture was restored in 1981 by Eleftherios Karkadoulias."
A nearby bronze plaque reads:
FREDERICK THE GREAT
THIS BRONZE STATUE OF FREDERICK THE