Berlin Designers Partner With Refugees
Knotting carpets by hand, programming apps, opening up new possibilities: with the Berlin initiative „Kommen und Bleiben“ (Come and Stay) designers and artists harness their resources to support refugees. In so doing, they aren’t only shaping Germany’s immigrant-friendly culture but also rekindling the notion of political art.
kommen&bleiben, Co-Design workshop | Photo: kommen&bleiben, 2014 With war and terror raging all over the world, and persecution and hardship on the rise, the number of refugees in Germany is also climbing. For Rik Watkinson, a student at the Berlin Weissensee School of Art, this is a hot topic just about everywhere. „It raises the question of what we designers can do about it – demonstrations and political actions notwithstanding.“ The answer: „Kommen und Bleiben“, the initiative founded by students of the Visual Communication, Product, Fashion and Textile Design Departments with support from their faculty. „As artists and designers, we want to forge Germany’s immigrant-friendly culture together with the refugees themselves,“ Watkinson adds and declares the main principles: „We are not aid workers. And the refugees are not victims. We invite them to our campus so that we can learn from one another.“
kommen&bleiben, Bermudagarten-Kickoff | Photo: kommen&bleiben, 2015 At any rate, whether when making products or creating social processes, having the right tools of the trade is an absolute must. In light of all the red tape and legal status obstacles, of language barriers and communication problems, this is something the students first had to set out to acquire. They also had to realize that refugees from Syria and Iran, from African countries or from the Balkan states all have very different living conditions and realities. „We have learned to assign roles and tasks, to obtain from outside sources the know-how we need, and to make decisions and stick to them,“ says Florian Huss, one of the project initiators.
An app for new Berlinerskommen&bleiben, Web platform | Photo: kommen&bleiben, 2015 In the meantime, „Kommen und Bleiben“ has been working on three specific projects. One of them is a smartphone app designed to answer practical questions for new Berliners. How do asylum procedures work? How do I open a new bank account? How do I go about finding an apartment? Florian Huss spent several days at a refugee shelter and, with the residents’ help, determined which questions to ask. The visual communications student wants to write his Master’s thesis on the logistics and financing required to code a new app.
Another project currently in development is the „Kommen und Bleiben“ web portal. The platform, to be set up in eight languages, will link Berlin refugee initiatives to establish a network and facilitate direct contact among them. They can look for partners and resources for ongoing projects or to start new ones. An expert from Syria is in discussion to handle the programming.
Carpet knotting and making furnitureCUCULA, Libreira | © Verena Bruening Refugees have successfully launched the series of events entitled seeGewohnheiten for students. For example, an Iranian woman and teacher of handicraft techniques held a knotting workshop to show how to make carpets by hand and with little money.
CUCULA, Gruppen-Werk | © Verena Bruening Plans are also underway for a workshop with Cucula, a start-up for furniture design. The company was founded in 2013 by Berlin artists and designers in collaboration with five West African refugees. The handmade chairs and tables are proving very popular and Cucula already exhibits at the Milan Furniture Fair, at the DMY International Design Festival Berlin and at Berlin’s Museum der Dinge. Cucula’s pieces follow the philosophy of Italian designer Enzo Mari, who in 1974 published a user-friendly manual for ‘do-it-yourself’ furniture – social design for a better society.
The Berlin furniture makers have now refined the concept to develop a new model for integration. The idea is to put skills and talent to work and flourish, instead of only "managing" refugees and forcing them to adopt a passive role. Cucula’s goal is to enable refugees to make a living with the income obtained both from furniture sales as well as from scholarships.